token economy

token economy
noun
a form of behavior therapy that has been used in some mental institutions; patients are rewarded with tokens for appropriate behavior and the tokens may be cashed in for valued rewards

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Psychiatry.
a method of encouraging desirable behavior, esp. in a hospital setting, by offering rewards of token money that can be exchanged for special food, access to television, and other bonuses.
[1965-70]

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token economy,
a system of reinforcement in behavior therapy using rewards of metal or plastic tokens for appropriate behavior. The recipient may exchange the tokens for privileges, such as food, free time, or books, according to their value in the token economy: »

The goals of token economy…are to promote behaviors necessary for effective personal functioning, not only in an institutional or school environment, but also in natural settings (Ralph Brocas, W. G. Johnson).


Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Token economy — Token System (vom englischen Token Economy, übersetzt etwa Münz Eintausch/Verstärkungssystem) ist ein Begriff aus der Verhaltenstherapie. Synonym wird gelegentlich der Begriff Belohnungsplan verwendet. Token sind sekundäre Verstärker. Für das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Token economy — A token economy is a system of behavior modification based on the principles of operant conditioning. Contingency management systems are often employed by those who practice applied behavior analysis. It is one approach to a contingency… …   Wikipedia

  • token economy — Psychiatry. a method of encouraging desirable behavior, esp. in a hospital setting, by offering rewards of token money that can be exchanged for special food, access to television, and other bonuses. [1965 70] * * * …   Universalium

  • token economy — to·ken economy tō kən n a system of operant conditioning used for behavior modification that involves rewarding desirable behaviors with tokens which can be exchanged for items or privileges (as food or free time) and punishing undesirable… …   Medical dictionary

  • token economy — noun A system of behavior modification based on the principles of operant conditioning; patients are rewarded with tokens (reinforcers) for engaging in desirable activities …   Wiktionary

  • token economy — /ˈtoʊkən əˌkɒnəmi/ (say tohkuhn uh.konuhmee) noun a system in behaviour therapy in which pleasing behaviour is rewarded with tokens which can be exchanged for goods, privileges, etc …  

  • психотерапия накоплением жетонов (token-economy) — Этимология. Происходит от греч. psyche душа + theraрeia лечение. Категория. Форма поведенческой психотерапии. Специфика. Основана на оперантном научении. Заключается в том, что приемлемое поведение подкрепляется положительно, а неприемлемое… …   Большая психологическая энциклопедия

  • Token-System — (vom englischen Token Economy, übersetzt etwa Münz Eintausch oder Münzverstärkungs System) ist ein Verfahren der Verhaltenstherapie, das auf Prinzipien der operanten Konditionierung beruht[1]. Ziel eines Token Systems ist der Aufbau erwünschten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Token-Ökonomie —   [ təʊkən ], Psychologie: Methode der Verhaltensmodifikation, bei der zum Aufbau des erwünschten Verhaltens nach einem zuvor festgelegten Regelsystem Verstärker in Form von Münzen, Marken oder Punkten (»tokens«) benutzt werden, die von den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • economy — Synonyms and related words: GNP, barter economy, brevity, briefness, budget, capitalistic economy, carefulness, cheap, cheeseparing, collectivized economy, compactness, conciseness, concision, conservation, conservatism, consumer economy, control …   Moby Thesaurus

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